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However, in the copy held by the Admiralty, he "revised the wording" to "New South Wales". On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia. The NSW school system comprises a kindergarten to year 12 system with primary schooling up to year 6 and secondary schooling between years 7 and 12. Rainfall varies throughout the state. In 1770 Lieutenant James Cook was the first European to visit New South Wales when he conducted a survey along the unmapped eastern coast of the Dutch-named continent of New Holland, now Australia. The NSW business community is represented by the NSW Business Chamber which has 30,000 members. James Cook, who took possession of what he called New South Wales in the name of King George III. [9], At the 2016 census, the most commonly nominated ancestries were:[N 2][31][30], At the 2016 census, there were 2,581,138 people living in New South Wales that were born overseas, accounting for 34.5% of the population. [63] These parks range from rainforests, waterfalls, rugged bush to marine wonderlands and outback deserts, including World Heritage sites. His replacement as Liberal leader and Premier was John Fahey whose government secured Sydney the right to host the 2000 Summer Olympics. [36] The Parliament of New South Wales is composed of the Sovereign and two houses: the Legislative Assembly (lower house), and the Legislative Council (upper house). The current Governor is Margaret Beazley. Edmund Barton, later to become Australia's first Prime Minister, was another strong advocate for federation and a meeting held in Corowa in 1893 drafted an initial constitution. World War II saw another surge in industrial development to meet the needs of a war economy, and also the elimination of unemployment. Polocrosse is now played in many overseas countries. The state can be divided geographically into four areas. This service was terminated in 2006. It was originally intended that he would settle at Botany Bay but it did not offer a suitable anchorage nor a decent supply of water. He set up a new colony on Norfolk Island to try and provide an alternative food source. There were also constant troubles between the governors, the free settlers, and the convicts. The Colony of New South Wales was founded as a British penal colony in 1788. The flow of convict ships slowed in the 1840s. What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? A tenth team, the Newcastle Knights is located in Newcastle. The Premier then recommends the appointment of other Members of the two Houses to the Ministry, under the principle of responsible or Westminster government. A secondary school, usually called a "high school", provides education from years 7 to 12. vertical, road crash, confinement) are a joint effort by all emergency services, with Ambulance Rescue, Police Rescue Squad and Fire Rescue Units contributing. His replacement Barrie Unsworth struggled to emerge from Wran's shadow and lost a 1988 election against a resurgent Liberal Party led by Nick Greiner. [citation needed] In addition, the Macquarie Park area of Sydney has attracted the Australian headquarters of many information technology firms. Responsible government was granted to the New South Wales colony in 1855. In 2007, then-Premier of New South Wales Morris Iemma established Events New South Wales to "market Sydney and NSW as a leading global events destination". [25], The climate along the flat, coastal plain east of the range varies from oceanic in the south to humid subtropical in the northern half of the state, right above Wollongong. However, the fruit industry is threatened by the Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tyroni) which causes more than $28.5 million a year in damage to Australian crops, primarily in Queensland and northern New South Wales.[49]. He named it "New Wales" but then changed the name in his journal to "New South Wales". This page was last changed on 8 July 2020, at 11:40. New South Wales was founded (begun) in 1788, by the British who set up a small colony which became known as Sydney Town, and grew into the city of Sydney. The latter maintains these through the Department of Roads and Maritime Services, formerly the Roads and Traffic Authority, and before that, the Department of Main Roads (DMR). With the exploration and settlement of New South Wales, Sydney grew quickly; the British government provided free land, free convict labour, free capital works, and guaranteed markets for the produce of the new colony. The HSC must be completed for a student to get an Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (formerly Universities Admission Index), which determines the student's rank against fellow students who completed the Higher School Certificate. Australian Encyclopaedia, Vol. The soil was poor, and the land was rough and had to be cleared by hand. How much does does a 100 dollar roblox gift card get you in robhx? About half of Australia's timber production is in New South Wales. NSW TrainLink regional and long-distance services consist of XPT services to Grafton, Casino, Brisbane, Melbourne and Dubbo, as well as Xplorer services to Canberra, Griffith, Broken Hill, Armidale and Moree.

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